Executive summary: 2023 Inflation-adjusted items
The IRS revenue procedures provides the amount for inflation-adjusted items for 2023. Amounts adjusted for inflation include the individual tax brackets, the section 199A qualified business income thresholds, the amount of average annual gross receipts to qualify as a small taxpayer, the limitations for section 179 expensing, estate and gift exemptions, as well as several other provisions.
2023 Inflation-adjusted items
On Oct. 18, 2022, the IRS released its annual revenue procedure containing the inflation-adjusted items for 2023. There are multiple provisions in the Internal Revenue Code that require the IRS to adjust the applicable dollar amounts for inflation – many of these relate to individual income taxes, while others relate to business income. Selected inflation-adjusted items are listed below. For the full listing, please review the linked revenue procedure:
Individual tax rate tables -The highest tax rate remains at 37%. This rate is applicable for taxable income over:
- $693,750 for married filing jointly
- $346,875 for married filing separately
- $578,125 for single filing taxpayers
- $578,100 for head of household
The top capital gains rate of 20% is applicable for taxable income over:
- $553,850 for married filing jointly
- $276,900 for married filing separately
- $492,300 for single filing taxpayers
- $523,050 for head of household
Estate and trust tax rate table – The estate and trust income tax rate is 37% for taxable income over $14,450. The 20% capital gains rate is applicable for estates and trusts with taxable income over $14,650.
Cafeteria plans – The annual limitation under section 125 for contributions to a health flexible spending account increased from $2,850 to $3,050.
Qualified transportation fringe benefit – The section 132(f) monthly limitation for qualified transportation (in a commuter vehicle or mass transit passes) and qualified parking increased from $280 per month to $300 per month.
Election to expense certain depreciable assets under section 179 – Rev. Proc. 2022-38 raises the section 179 expensing limit under section 179(b)(1) to $1,160,000. The cost limit for sport utility vehicles expensed under section 179 will be $28,900. Under section 179(b)(2), the $1,160,000 limitation gets reduced by the amount that section 179 property placed in service during the 2023 taxable year exceeds $2,890,000.
Energy efficient commercial buildings deduction – the dollar value of the maximum allowance for the deduction under section 179D(b)(2) is set at 54 cents, which gets increased by 2 cents for every percentage point of certified energy and power reduction over the 25% threshold. Rev. Proc. 2022-38 raises the cap on the deduction to $1.07. The increased deduction for certain property under section 179D(b)(3)(A) (i.e., building projects meeting certain prevailing wage and apprenticeship requirements) is set at $2.68 increased by 11 cents for every percentage point of certified energy and power reduction over the 25% threshold, with a $5.36 maximum.
Qualified business income – the threshold amount and phase-in range are adjusted as follows:
Phase-in range amount
Married filing jointly
Married filing separately
(An increase of $24,100 for both threshold and phase-in range for joint returns, and an increase of $12,050 for both threshold and phase-in range for separate returns.)
Limitation on use of cash method of accounting – the section 448(c) threshold for certain taxpayers to use the overall cash method of accounting, as well as other small business taxpayer simplified methods, is set at $29,000,000 in annual gross receipts averaged over the three taxable years ending prior to tax year 2023.
Threshold for excess business loss limitations – the excess business loss limitation threshold is increased to $289,000 ($578,000 if married filing jointly), an increase of $19,000 ($38,000 for joint returns).
Unified credit against estate and gift tax – the basic exemption amount is increased to $12.92 million for determining the amount of the unified credit for estate and gift tax.
Annual exclusion for gifts – the annual exclusion for gifts is increased to $17,000 per donee for present interest gifts.
Note that certain other annually adjusted limitations, such as qualified retirement plan limitations, will be the subject of separate guidance.
This article was written by Anne Bushman, Kyle Brown, Michael Reeves and originally appeared on 2022-10-19.
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