Executive summary: 

Chile is added while Russia and Hungary are removed

On Dec. 28, 2023, the IRS and Treasury released Notice 2024-11, officially updating the list of U.S. income tax treaties that meet the requirements of section 1(h)(11)(C)(i)(II). The list is relevant in determining whether a corporation is a “qualified foreign corporation” and if a reduced capital gains rate on certain dividends can be applied.

The notice adds the treaty with Chile, which entered into force on Dec. 19, 2023, and removes the treaties with Russia and Hungary, because both have ceased to meet the requirements of section 1(h)(11) after the publication of Notice 2011-64, to the list.

Notice 2024-11 amplifies and supersedes Notice 2011-64.

List of US income tax treaties meeting qualified dividend requirements updated


Under section 1(h)(11), dividends paid to an individual shareholder from either a domestic corporation or a “qualified foreign corporation” are generally subject to tax at reduced rates applicable to certain capital gains. Subject to certain exceptions, a “qualified foreign corporation” is any foreign corporation:

  • That is incorporated in a possession of the United States; 
  • That is eligible for benefits of a comprehensive income tax treaty with the United States that the Secretary determines is satisfactory for purposes of this provision and that includes an exchange of information program (the treaty test); or
  • Whose stock with respect to which such dividend is paid is readily tradable on an established securities market in the United States.

Passive foreign investment companies (“PFICs”) and surrogate foreign corporations that are not treated as domestic corporations are generally excluded from the definition of a qualified foreign corporation.


Taxpayers receiving dividends from a qualified foreign corporation will be taxed at capital gain rates. Section 1(h)(1) generally provides that a taxpayer’s “net capital gain” for any taxable year will be subject to a maximum tax rate of 20% (or 15% in the case of certain taxpayers). This rate does not include the 3.8% net investment income tax (“NIIT”) imposed under section 1411.

For individuals, the maximum federal income tax rate can reach 37%.

To be treated as a qualified foreign corporation under the treaty test, as described in Notice 2011-64, a foreign corporation must be eligible for benefits of one of the U.S. income tax treaties listed in the notice. This means that taxpayers must do more than just confirm a treaty is on the list. Further analysis is required. Accordingly, taxpayers must analyze if the foreign corporation:

  • Is a resident within the meaning of such term under the relevant treaty; and
  • Satisfies any other requirements of that treaty, including the requirements under any applicable limitation on benefits (“LOB”) provision. 

For purposes of determining whether a foreign corporation satisfies these requirements, a foreign corporation is treated as though they were claiming treaty benefits, even if they do not derive income from sources within the United States. 1

Taxpayers with foreign source qualified dividends or foreign source capital gains may be required to adjust their foreign source income for foreign tax credit (“FTC”) purposes. An adjustment under sections 1(h)(11)(C)(iv) and 904(b)(2)(B) may be required so as to not overstate the FTC due the dividend rate differential (i.e., capital gains are taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income).

Applicability date

The notice is effective for each U.S. income tax treaty as follows:

  • Chile – for dividends paid on or after Dec. 19, 2023; 
  • Hungary – for dividends paid on or after Jan. 8, 2023; and
  • Russia – for dividends paid on or after Jan. 1, 2023.

The notice does not make further changes to the list outlined in Notice 2011-64.

The IRS and Treasury intend to update the list, as appropriate.

Final reminders

Individual taxpayers receiving dividends from Chilean corporations may now be eligible for a reduced rate of tax on their “net capital gain.” Individual taxpayers receiving dividends from Hungarian and Russian corporations are no longer eligible for a reduced rate of tax on their “net capital gain.”

1 See H.R. Conf. Rep. No. 108-126, at 42 (2003) (stating that a company will be treated as eligible for treaty benefits if it “would qualify” for benefits under the treaty).

This article was written by Adam Chesman, Mandy Kompanowski and originally appeared on 2024-01-16.
2022 RSM US LLP. All rights reserved.

The information contained herein is general in nature and based on authorities that are subject to change. RSM US LLP guarantees neither the accuracy nor completeness of any information and is not responsible for any errors or omissions, or for results obtained by others as a result of reliance upon such information. RSM US LLP assumes no obligation to inform the reader of any changes in tax laws or other factors that could affect information contained herein. This publication does not, and is not intended to, provide legal, tax or accounting advice, and readers should consult their tax advisors concerning the application of tax laws to their particular situations. This analysis is not tax advice and is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for purposes of avoiding tax penalties that may be imposed on any taxpayer.

RSM US Alliance provides its members with access to resources of RSM US LLP. RSM US Alliance member firms are separate and independent businesses and legal entities that are responsible for their own acts and omissions, and each are separate and independent from RSM US LLP. RSM US LLP is the U.S. member firm of RSM International, a global network of independent audit, tax, and consulting firms. Members of RSM US Alliance have access to RSM International resources through RSM US LLP but are not member firms of RSM International. Visit rsmus.com/aboutus for more information regarding RSM US LLP and RSM International. The RSM(tm) brandmark is used under license by RSM US LLP. RSM US Alliance products and services are proprietary to RSM US LLP.

At Keegan Linscott & Associates, our people are our greatest asset. We embody a commitment to our people in our culture of openness, cooperation, teamwork and community service. Keegan Linscott provides exceptional training, coaching, a positive work/life balance and opportunities for personal and professional development. Keegan Linscott’s dedicated team of multi-faceted professionals stand ready to provide the highest quality of audit, tax and consulting services to our valued clients and community. We are leaders in our practice areas and are uniquely qualified to provide innovative and practical solutions.

As a group of practitioners working together, the professionals at Keegan Linscott are able to specialize in specific areas of accounting, audit, taxation, and consulting – a key advantage which allows us to offer a higher standard of service quality.

For more information on how Keegan Linscott & Associates, PC can assist you, please call (520) 884-0176.